ELD (Electronic Logging Device)

A device that automatically records a driver's Hours-of-Service (HOS), replacing paper logbooks.

It automatically tracks and records a driver's Hours of Service (HOS) data, ensuring compliance with regulations and promoting safety on the roads.

Components of ELDs 

  • Hardware: An ELD device typically plugs into the vehicle's diagnostic port and connects to a GPS receiver.
  • Software: Cloud-based software processes the data collected by the ELD hardware and provides user-friendly interfaces for drivers and fleet managers.
  • Mobile App (Optional): Some ELD systems offer mobile apps for drivers to access their HOS logs and record duty status changes on the go.
  • Engine Data Integration: Connects with the vehicle engine to monitor engine health and performance metrics.
  • Two-way Communication: Allows drivers to communicate with dispatch or fleet managers directly through the ELD device.
  • Compliance Alerts: Provides real-time notifications for potential HOS violations like exceeding driving time limits.
  • Data Download & Printing: Enables drivers and fleet managers to download or print HOS logs for record-keeping purposes.
  • User Management: Provides secure access control for different user roles (driver, dispatcher, fleet manager) within the ELD system.

Benefits of ELDs 

  • HOS Compliance: ELDs ensure accurate and tamper-proof recording of driver activity, reducing the risk of violations and fines.
  • Improved Safety: ELDs help prevent driver fatigue by prompting breaks and discouraging exceeding driving limits.
  • Streamlined Recordkeeping: ELDs eliminate manual logbooks and simplify data management for drivers and fleet managers.
  • Real-time Tracking: Some ELD systems offer real-time location tracking of vehicles, improving fleet visibility and dispatch efficiency.
  • Reduced Administrative Burden: ELDs automate data collection and reporting, saving time and resources for fleet management teams.

Mandated by the DOT to enforce compliance with HOS rules, ELDs improve record-keeping accuracy and help prevent driver fatigue.